A tight bundle or cluster.
A female cone (megasporangiate strobili) of a conifer that supports and protects the ovules (future seeds) of the plant.
A pistillate flower, with or without a perianth, that has only functioning female reproductive parts, or if male reproductive parts (stamens) are present, they are non-functioning.
The union of male and female gametes, following pollination in seed plants.
A root system with no prominent central axis, branches spread in all directions and all branches of similar thickness (such as in grasses and other monocot plants).
structure of a flower that supports the anthers (the stalk)
Flagging tape is a non adhesive marking ribbon used for surveying, mapping, tagging, roping off areas or any other marking application. For the purpose of phenological monitoring, flagging tape can be used to identify plants, or groups of plants, for regular observation. It can also be used to mark places where animals of interest have been observed. On more robust plants such as full-grown trees, flagging tape can be wrapped around trunks or branches. On younger plants, or where there is no suitable vegetation, a twig or rod is usually inserted in the ground, and the tape is usually applied at the distal end, resembling a conventional pole and 'flag.'
The process of growing feathers (for a bird).
A young bird that has recently acquired its flight feathers.
A small, individual flower, usually one in a dense cluster - such as in a grass spikelet or in a flower head of the Asteraceae family (daisies, dandelions, thistles, sunflowers).
The organ of a plant that facilitates reproduction. Responsible for attracting pollinators.
An inflorescence of tightly clustered florets/flowers, such as a capitulum (daisies, dandelions, thistles, sunflowers), or grass spikelets in an inflorescence.
A dry, dehiscent, many seeded fruit that has developed from one flower having a single-celled ovary, and splits open along one seam at maturity (such as milkweed).
Herbaceous (non-woody) flowering plants that are not graminoids (grasses, sedges and rushes).
The stage of growth of a forest or woodland; e.g., old growth (primary) and second or third growth (regrowth after disturbance/cutting).
The mature, ripened ovary of a seed plant, and the structures that are attached, accompany and ripen with the ovary.
An anther within the stamen that produce, mature, and release pollen (versus a non-functioning organ; in some plant species the flowers might typically house non-functioning, sterile male parts).
An ovary within the pistil that produce seeds (versus a non-functioning organ; in some plant species the flowers might typically house non-functioning, sterile female parts).
The ground tissue of plants contains three main cell types called parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma. These cells types primarily support storage, mechanical support, but can also serve for food production in the photosynthetic cells, or serve in wound healing and regeneration, depending on which class of cells they belong to.