USA NPN National Phenology Network

Taking the Pulse of Our Planet

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Time to Restore: Connecting People, Plants, and Pollinators

Time to Restore LogoPollinator restoration has many challenges, from selecting which species to plant to provide nectar during critical periods, to knowing how these plant species will respond to changes in climate including more variable weather conditions. Better knowledge about flowering and seed timing for critical nectar plants, and the links between this activity and climate, can inform more resilient restoration plantings. 

We are a team of collaborators from the Bosque Ecosystem Monitoring Program, the Tribal Alliance for Pollinators, the Gulf Coast Phenology Trail, and the USA National Phenology Network, supported by a grant from the South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center. Our project, Time to Restore: Connecting People, Plants, and Pollinators, aims to deliver guidance to those working on pollinator restoration. We want your input on your needs related to pollinator restoration - what are the species and systems of highest concern to you, where are the gaps in your information about nectar plants, what tools and resources will help you to make informed choices about planting in the face of climate change?

You can learn about the outcomes from the first two years of our project in the StoryMap and State Info Sheets:

Time to Restore StoryMap

Time to Restore: New Mexico Info Sheet

Time to Restore: Oklahoma Info Sheet

Time to Restore: Louisiana Info Sheet

Collect phenology data with us in 2023

Help us collect data on flowering and seed timing of nectar plants this year! There are two ways to contribute to this effort:

1. Submit observations through iNaturalist (great for species identification assistance and one-time observations in a place you don't plan to return to)

2. Collect data through Nature's Notebook (great for repeated observations of the same plants over time) by joining the Nectar Connectors campaign

Here are training resources to get you started with iNaturalist and Nature's Notebook (you will need to join Nature's Notebook first).

Priority species:

  1. wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
  2. cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  3. green antelopehorn (Asclepias viridis)
  4. common sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
  5. eastern purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
  6. buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
  7. showy milkweed (Asclepias speciosa)
  8. tall blazing star (Liatris aspera)

Time to Restore priority species

See the full list of species that stakeholders across the South Central Region identified as important for their states. 

We recommend following these guidelines for tracking the eight Time to Restore priority species with Nature's Notebook. 

Help us spread the word about Time to Restore!

Share a postcard-sized flyer or 11 x 17 inch bulletin flyer about the effort

Project Resources

August 2023 Quarterly Call
This was our final Quarterly call for this Phase I of the project. We shared the results from data collection thus far, including flowering and ripe seed calendars and our analysis of climate cues influencing flowering and seed timing. We also shared plans for the next phase of the project that was recently funded by the SC CASC for three additional years.
View the recording »

May 2023 Quarterly Call
In previous calls, we've shared the process that we've developed for determining the timing of the start, peak, and duration in flowering and seeding of nectar plants. In this call we share an update on how this process is working with the Time to Restore data collected so far, as well as show what we've learned about the climate drivers for flowering and fruiting in these nectar plants. We also heard from state leads about their various engagement/training/data collection activities.
View the recording »

January 2023 Quarterly Call
We gave an update on project activities and data collected so far, reviewed results from our phenology calendar survey we sent out last fall, and provided a chance to network with those working on pollinator restoration in the South Central region.
View the recording »

September 2022 Quarterly Call
We heard updates from New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana about data collection activities, then took a look at the data that have been collected so far. We share some exciting progress on a prototype phenology calendar showing onset, end, and peak in flowering timing.
View the recording »

May 2022 Quarterly Call
In this quarterly call, we gave an update on the status of the project, heard about activities happening in the different states, and learned about the NPN team's progress on exploring existing phenology data from Nature's Notebook and iNaturalist in the region, particularly efforts to identify peak in flowering timing. We also discussed ideas to get the word out to more potential data collectors to increase the amount of data we have for analysis, including identifying climate drivers to flowering and fruiting timing. 
View the recording »

Pollinator Plants and Climate Change Presentation
In this recorded presentation, USA-NPN's Alyssa Rosemartin explains projected changes in climate in the region and the potential impact on plants and their pollinators. Alyssa presented this information as part of our Fall 2021 Stakeholder Workshops.
View the recording »

Seed Collection and Processing Technical Training Recording
In this recorded webinar, learn about native plant seed collection and processing from Jane Breckinridge, Brandon Gibson, and Collin Spriggs of the Tribal Alliance for Pollinators. Jane, Brandon, and Collin covered wildflower identification, harvest timing, seed collection sustainability, and seed processing techniques to ensure successful germination.
View the recording »

Train the Trainers Data Collection Workshop Recording

In this recorded training, learn how you can provide guidance on data collection for others, or just collect data yourself! We provide an overview of the Nature's Notebook and iNaturalist platforms, suggestions on how to select a site and plants for monitoring, describe the training resources available to you, and provide tips on how to train a group of observers where you live.
View the recording »
Training slides
Project overview handout

Kickoff Workshop
The Kickoff Workshop was held online on Tuesday, Oct 12, 2021. The Workshop brought together those working to restore habitat for pollinators, or support nectar plant conservation in the South Central Region (New Mexico, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Texas). The Kickoff Workshop provided the opportunity to make connections with others working on pollinator restoration across New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana, determine what we know currently about the timing of nectar plant flowering and seeding in the Region, and discuss how we can consider all perspectives to ensure that Indigenous data sovereignty and other privacy concerns are addressed in our work going forward. 

Workshop Objectives: 

  • Introduce the project "Time to Restore - Connecting People Plants and Pollinators"
  • Introduce considerations for building successful partnerships with tribes
  • Understand who is part of the pollinator restoration community in this region
  • Share overview of existing relevant data on nectar plant phenology
  • Set the stage for state-level workshops in November

View the recording »

State-level Workshops
The Kickoff Workshop was followed by three separate online workshops for participants in each of three states - New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Louisiana. Participants in Texas were invited to join the workshop in the state nearest to them. 

Participants had a chance to connect with others in their state working on pollinator restoration, learn about climate change impacts on pollinator plants and other restoration challenges, and give their input on pollinator plant data collection efforts next year at state Time to Restore workshops. 

Workshop Objectives:

  • Connect with others in your state working on pollinator restoration and conservation
  • Learn how to establish partnerships with Indigenous groups in the state, with special considerations for individual Tribes
  • Understand the decision-making process for restoration, and how different organizations and groups deal with variable scales, budgets, and other challenges
  • Understand climate changes occurring in the state, and the projected changes for coming decades
  • Understand how changes are impacting plant flowering and seed timing, and what we can learn from data collection platforms that record these seasonal events
  • Give your input on priority species, locations, and monitoring guidelines for data collection efforts across the state beginning in early 2022

Project Collaborators

Gail Bishop, Gulf Coast Phenology Trail
Jane Breckinridge, Tribal Alliance for Pollinators
Robert Croll, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission
Kim Eichhorst, Bosque Ecosystem Monitoring Program
Erin Posthumus, USA National Phenology Network
Alyssa Rosemartin, USA National Phenology Network
April Taylor, South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center
Sue Wilder, Gulf Coast Phenology Trail
Gina Lloyd, Louisiana Coordinator for Time to Restore

This work is supported by The Department of the Interior South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center, which is managed by the U.S. Geological Survey National Climate Adaptation Science Center. 

Questions? Email Erin Posthumus at