Nature’s Notebook

Connecting People with Nature to Benefit Our Changing Planet

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Volunteers and coordinator discuss plans for adding a Nature's Notebook program to their organization's property.

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Image Credit: Brian F. Powell

Nature's Notebook Needs Assessment

Needs assessments are an important element of developing a site-based long-term phenology monitoring program. Thinking through the reasons you wish to utilize Nature’s Notebook for natural resource management, scientific, or educational purposes will help you to develop something sustainable. Even better would be to identify researchers, land managers, educators, or outreach providers in your community to collaborate on a monitoring program. If you are a researcher or land manager, reach out to educators who can help you recruit and train people to collect the data you need to answer your questions and make better decisions. If you are an educator, find a researcher or land manager who may find data you collect with your participants of value. 

Why use Nature's Notebook

Sustainable programs using Nature’s Notebook have at least one thing in common – a Local Phenology Leader has thought carefully about WHY they’d like to use Nature’s Notebook and what site and/or community needs Nature's Notebook will fill. A long-term (2 years or more) Nature's Notebook phenology monitoring program is designed to address current organizational needs and is thus planned to be an integral part of site-based programming for science or outreach.

Before beginning technical research on how to use Nature’s Notebook online system, think about your needs - what need would be filled by having two or more years-worth of phenology data fill – why would that be valuable? Valuable to you personally, to your organization or to your community. Can you sustain that by engaging enough people in the process of data collection?

What gaps in current programming will Nature’s Notebook fill? What are the issues that have led you to research Nature’s Notebook as a potential solution? Why do you need to implement phenology monitoring?

  • Are your needs based upon desired outcomes for scientific or education program goals that you have not been able to achieve? 
  • Will working with volunteers to collect data, even if you are not an educator or volunteer coordinator,  help you obtain enough consistent phenology data to answer a research or management question?
  • Will data help you educate your community about seasonal or climatic change?
  • Will it help students pay better attention or learn the scientific process?

These needs can be filled by using Nature's Notebook

Begin by distinguishing between “what is” and what “should be.”

For example, if you are a natural resources management professional, you "should" have an interactive database that stores long-term local phenology information to be shared with other researchers, regional or national staff or supervisors. This database should also include off-the-shelf data analysis tools. In reality, you do not have this: your data are stored on one staff person’s hard drive, on a whiteboard, or piece of paper. You must ask your colleague to do by-hand-analyses every time someone would like to know when particular birds are present, plants are in bloom, or invasives must be removed.


If you are a non-formal educator you "should" have a solid scientific engagement activity for one-time visitors or school groups, supported by collecting data from your site. Or you'd like to offer returning groups opportunities to participate in a long-term research project. In reality, you do not - your staff conducts some simple activities disconnected from big picture programs - nothing is linked to a larger concept like phenology or climate change. And there are no phenology activities returning visitors can do which build on a concept.

Again, Nature's Notebook phenology monitoring programs can address these needs.

Complete a Needs Assessment Form

Using this lens of thinking, visualize your current program and describe your “do haves” and “should haves”, as they are related to Nature’s Notebook.

Here is a worksheet you can use to begin the process » 

Next, complete an online form to share your information with the National Coordinating Office Staff. They will help you to achieve your goals and will use the information you submit for evaluative and educational purposes. 


Once you do that you may wish to proceed with learning:

We look forward to having you join us to create a usable long-term phenology monitoring dataset! Observations from your group are used to help create and validate data models used for research. 

Learn more »